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**Indian mathematics** emerged in the Indian subcontinent from 1200 BCE until the end of the 18th century. In the classical period of Indian mathematics (400 CE to 1600 CE), important contributions were made by scholars like Aryabhata, Brahmagupta, Mahāvīra, Bhaskara II, Madhava of Sangamagrama and Nilakantha Somayaji. The decimal number system in use today was first recorded in Indian mathematics. Indian mathematicians made early contributions to the study of the concept of zero as a number,negative numbers,arithmetic, and algebra. In addition, trigonometry
was further advanced in India, and, in particular, the modern definitions of sine and cosine were developed there. These mathematical concepts were transmitted to the Middle East, China, and Europe and led to further developments that now form the foundations of many areas of mathematics.

Ancient and medieval Indian mathematical works, all composed in Sanskrit, usually consisted of a section of *sutras* in which a set of rules or problems were stated with great economy in verse in order to aid memorization by a student. This was followed by a second section consisting of a prose commentary (sometimes multiple commentaries by different scholars) that explained the problem in more detail and provided justification for the solution. In the prose section, the form (and therefore its memorization) was not considered so important as the ideas involved. All mathematical works were orally transmitted until approximately 500 BCE; thereafter, they were transmitted both orally and in manuscript form. The oldest extant mathematical *document* produced on the Indian subcontinent is the birch bark Bakhshali Manuscript, discovered in 1881 in the village of Bakhshali, near Peshawar (modern day Pakistan) and is likely from the 7th century CE.

This page contains text from Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia -
https://wn.com/Indian_mathematics

**Indian mathematics** emerged in the Indian subcontinent from 1200 BCE until the end of the 18th century. In the classical period of Indian mathematics (400 CE to 1600 CE), important contributions were made by scholars like Aryabhata, Brahmagupta, Mahāvīra, Bhaskara II, Madhava of Sangamagrama and Nilakantha Somayaji. The decimal number system in use today was first recorded in Indian mathematics. Indian mathematicians made early contributions to the study of the concept of zero as a number,negative numbers,arithmetic, and algebra. In addition, trigonometry
was further advanced in India, and, in particular, the modern definitions of sine and cosine were developed there. These mathematical concepts were transmitted to the Middle East, China, and Europe and led to further developments that now form the foundations of many areas of mathematics.

Ancient and medieval Indian mathematical works, all composed in Sanskrit, usually consisted of a section of *sutras* in which a set of rules or problems were stated with great economy in verse in order to aid memorization by a student. This was followed by a second section consisting of a prose commentary (sometimes multiple commentaries by different scholars) that explained the problem in more detail and provided justification for the solution. In the prose section, the form (and therefore its memorization) was not considered so important as the ideas involved. All mathematical works were orally transmitted until approximately 500 BCE; thereafter, they were transmitted both orally and in manuscript form. The oldest extant mathematical *document* produced on the Indian subcontinent is the birch bark Bakhshali Manuscript, discovered in 1881 in the village of Bakhshali, near Peshawar (modern day Pakistan) and is likely from the 7th century CE.

This page contains text from Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia -
https://wn.com/Indian_mathematics

When Kanan Gupta landed an internship at the **Indian** Institute of Science in Bengaluru, he didn’t think twice about accepting it. A student of **mathematics** at Ashoka University, Sonipat, Gupta has been in Bengaluru for two months and is slowly picking up bits of the local language ... As **Indians** become more mobile, the chances of them relocating to different cities increase....

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The NCERT published the district report card with academic achievements of class 10 students in five subjects -- **mathematics**, science, social science, english and modern **Indian** languages on July 15 ... Therefore, students who do not regularly practice or follow rote learning fail to perform well in maths,” said P Narendra Swamy, president of Telangana **Mathematics** Forum....

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The majority mark in the House is 268. There are 11 vacancies ... The BJD has 19 MPs ... “Government has the strength in the House to defeat the motion if one calculates by **Indian** **mathematics**…and I do not know which country’s **mathematics** she is using to calculate the numbers,” BJP general secretary Ram Madhav said on the sidelines of an event, reacting to Congress leader Sonia Gandhi’s claim yesterday that the Opposition had the numbers....

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Asked about Congress leader Sonia Gandhi's claim that the Opposition had numbers, Parliamentary Affairs Minister Ananth Kumar took a dig at her, saying, "Sonia Gandhi's maths is weak." ... Echoing similar sentiments, BJP general secretary Ram Madhav said the government had the strength in the House to defeat the motion if one went by **Indian** **mathematics** and wondered if Sonia Gandhi knew some other **mathematics** ... BJP. Congress ... Opposition ... ....

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The BJP today made light of the Congress's claim that the Opposition had the numbers to back its no-confidence motion against the government ... Echoing similar sentiments, BJP general secretary Ram Madhav said the government had the strength in the House to defeat the motion if one went by **Indian** **mathematics** and wondered if Sonia Gandhi knew some other **mathematics** ... ....

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NEW DELHI ... The majority mark in the House is 268. There are 11 vacancies ... "Government has the strength in the House to defeat the motion if one calculates by **Indian** **mathematics** ... and I do not know which country's **mathematics** she is using to calculate the numbers," BJP general secretary Ram Madhav said on the sidelines of an event, reacting to Congress leader Sonia Gandhi's claim yesterday that the opposition had the numbers ... ....

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The majority mark in the House is 268. There are 11 vacancies ... "Government has the strength in the House to defeat the motion if one calculates by **Indian** **mathematics**...and I do not know which country's **mathematics** she is using to calculate the numbers," BJP general secretary Ram Madhav said on the sidelines of an event, reacting to Congress leader Sonia Gandhi's claim yesterday that the Opposition had the numbers ... ....

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Experts pointed out that the findings suggested that the **mathematics** syllabus needed a major overhaul as it is geared towards cracking competitive exams ... Students in Class 10 have performed the worst in **mathematics** in the National Achievement Survey (NAS), conducted by the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) this year to examine learning outcomes across the country ... **Mathematics** ... **Mathematics** ... **Mathematics**....

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Music is universal ... But all of them may come under creative emotions ... **Indian** music has its basic intent of nadayoga ... **Indian** music is heavily reliant on creativity and manodharma. Too much **mathematics** may disturb the creativity of performing artists. Being too stressed due to arithmetic for music to be rhythmically and precisely executed, artists fumble in their creativity, which is not **mathematical**, but often limitless and spontaneous....

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The district report card issued by the MHRD shows that 75% to 85% students scored less than 50% in **mathematics**, science, social science and english ... Going by details from NAS, a copy of which is with TOI, in **mathematics**, the average score of students was 36.24%, which was the lowest ... Students managed a relatively higher score of 57.11% only in modern **Indian** language (reading comprehension) ... Best Banks for Non Resident **Indians** (NRIs)....

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... with a bachelor’s in music and **mathematics**, with a minor in informatics....

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DU admissions 2018. Committee for realistic cut-off; online test for UG, PG admissionsDU admissions 2017. In third list, cut-offs above 90 per cent in popular collegesDU admissions ... DU admissions 2018 ... July 12 ... Admissions for BA Programme and Honours courses in economics, English, political science and **mathematics** at JMC are also closed. For all the latest Education News, download **Indian** Express App � IE Online Media Services Pvt Ltd ... Tags....

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