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**Indian mathematics** emerged in the Indian subcontinent from 1200 BCE until the end of the 18th century. In the classical period of Indian mathematics (400 CE to 1600 CE), important contributions were made by scholars like Aryabhata, Brahmagupta, Mahāvīra, Bhaskara II, Madhava of Sangamagrama and Nilakantha Somayaji. The decimal number system in use today was first recorded in Indian mathematics. Indian mathematicians made early contributions to the study of the concept of zero as a number,negative numbers,arithmetic, and algebra. In addition, trigonometry
was further advanced in India, and, in particular, the modern definitions of sine and cosine were developed there. These mathematical concepts were transmitted to the Middle East, China, and Europe and led to further developments that now form the foundations of many areas of mathematics.

Ancient and medieval Indian mathematical works, all composed in Sanskrit, usually consisted of a section of *sutras* in which a set of rules or problems were stated with great economy in verse in order to aid memorization by a student. This was followed by a second section consisting of a prose commentary (sometimes multiple commentaries by different scholars) that explained the problem in more detail and provided justification for the solution. In the prose section, the form (and therefore its memorization) was not considered so important as the ideas involved. All mathematical works were orally transmitted until approximately 500 BCE; thereafter, they were transmitted both orally and in manuscript form. The oldest extant mathematical *document* produced on the Indian subcontinent is the birch bark Bakhshali Manuscript, discovered in 1881 in the village of Bakhshali, near Peshawar (modern day Pakistan) and is likely from the 7th century CE.

This page contains text from Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia -
https://wn.com/Indian_mathematics

**Indian mathematics** emerged in the Indian subcontinent from 1200 BCE until the end of the 18th century. In the classical period of Indian mathematics (400 CE to 1600 CE), important contributions were made by scholars like Aryabhata, Brahmagupta, Mahāvīra, Bhaskara II, Madhava of Sangamagrama and Nilakantha Somayaji. The decimal number system in use today was first recorded in Indian mathematics. Indian mathematicians made early contributions to the study of the concept of zero as a number,negative numbers,arithmetic, and algebra. In addition, trigonometry
was further advanced in India, and, in particular, the modern definitions of sine and cosine were developed there. These mathematical concepts were transmitted to the Middle East, China, and Europe and led to further developments that now form the foundations of many areas of mathematics.

Ancient and medieval Indian mathematical works, all composed in Sanskrit, usually consisted of a section of *sutras* in which a set of rules or problems were stated with great economy in verse in order to aid memorization by a student. This was followed by a second section consisting of a prose commentary (sometimes multiple commentaries by different scholars) that explained the problem in more detail and provided justification for the solution. In the prose section, the form (and therefore its memorization) was not considered so important as the ideas involved. All mathematical works were orally transmitted until approximately 500 BCE; thereafter, they were transmitted both orally and in manuscript form. The oldest extant mathematical *document* produced on the Indian subcontinent is the birch bark Bakhshali Manuscript, discovered in 1881 in the village of Bakhshali, near Peshawar (modern day Pakistan) and is likely from the 7th century CE.

This page contains text from Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia -
https://wn.com/Indian_mathematics

... Anand Kumar (ancient **Indian** history), Resha (home science), Anand Prakash (**mathematics**), Alok Ranjan (statistics), Gayanti Kumari (physics), Nibha Sharma (chemistry), Zainab Rahman (botany), Taskeen Fatema (zoology), Amitabh Kumar Mishra (geology), Shashi Ranjan Sinha (**mathematics**), Sudhanshu Ranjan (statistics) and Bharat Golchha (commerce)....

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... Anand Kumar (ancient **Indian** history), Resha (home science), Anand Prakash (**mathematics**), Alok Ranjan (statistics), Gayanti Kumari (physics), Nibha Sharma (chemistry), Zainab Rahman (botany), Taskeen Fatema (zoology), Amitabh Kumar Mishra (geology), Shashi Ranjan Sinha (**mathematics**), Sudhanshu Ranjan (statistics) and Bharat Golchha (commerce)....

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At the launch of the programme here, Mr Simmy Zivel, vice-president - Global Business Development, ACT, said the Testing is suited for **Indian** students to get into any undergraduate programme in the US as it measures academic skills and knowledge rather than abstract information. ... Last year, on an average, US high school graduates scored 20.7 in ACT **Mathematics**, while **Indian** high school students recorded 29.7....

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The third and possibly the most compelling argument is that the US Department of Labor estimates that there will be 2.4 million unfilled jobs in science, technology, engineering and **mathematics** (STEM) by 2018, with half of these in IT related roles, and while **Indian** companies have stepped in to fill the gap, the annual number of IT specialists from ......

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And then there were eight. Or seven if you write off St George, which you’d have to suggest you do. You could even call it six if you don’t fancy the Warriors ... So then there were five? Well, it’s probably six. Or seven ... Woodcock’s **mathematics** deduced that the odds of a repeat premier in the AFL, for instance – or in La Liga, Serie A, the **Indian** Premier League, the Davis Cup, the NBA and several others – are significantly thinner. ....

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It asked the Centre to formulate a policy forthwith on the lines of the Children School Bags (Limitation on Weight) Bill, 2006 and direct the state governments not to prescribe any homework for class I and II students in the state board, matriculation and Anglo-**Indian** schools....

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Subsequently, Rao, Bhardwaj, Farreira, Gonzalves and Navalakha were arrested under the **Indian** Penal Code Section 153 (A), which ... Sudha was born an American citizen, but she gave up her US citizenship at the age of 18, and joined the **Indian** Institute of Technology (IIT), Kanpur, to study **mathematics**, completing the five-year integrated course in 1984....

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On August 20 and 21, the **Indian** Academy of Sciences and the Institute of **Mathematical** Sciences, Chennai, jointly held a discussion meeting for scientists and science journalists. The first of its kind in recent times, the meeting witnessed lively discussions on many subjects. Among the topics discussed were reports on sexual harassment within labs and research institutes ... Bose Centre, Kolkata, and Jawaharlal Nehru University, Delhi....

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